Structural and Optical Properties of Bismuth-Doped ZnO Nanoparticles Synthesized by Co-precipitation

Document Type : Original Article


Physics and General Science Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University


Bismuth-doped zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles can serve as efficient photocatalysts for various reactions. Herein, we synthesized and discussed the growth mechanisms of Bi-doped ZnO nanoflakes using co-precipitation with Bi concentrations ranging from 0 % to 3 %. The resulting ZnO were hexagonal nanosheets with diameters ranging from 80 nm (ZnO) to 200 nm(ZnO: Bi 3%). The dominant crystal structure matches hexagonal wurtzite with a small presence of Bi2O3 diffraction peaks. The estimated crystallite sizes range from ~ 33 nm to ~ 45 nm, indicating multiple crystalline regions in each nanoflake. Nevertheless, as sheet resistance monotonically decreases with the Bi concentration, the higher number of grain boundaries likely has a lower effect on the conductivity compared to the increase in free carriers and larger grain size in the samples with higher Bi concentration. The bandgap decreases from ~ 3.13 eV to ~ 2.96 eV, likely due to the shrinkage effect from electron-electron or electron-impurity interaction that lowers the conduction band of ZnO


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