Corrosion Polarization Behavior of Al-SiO2 Composites in 1M and Related Microstructural Analysis

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Jl. Ketintang Surabaya, Indonesia

2 Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya, Indonesia

3 BAM-Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Division 6.2: Corrosion Protection of Technical Plants and Equipment, Unter den Eichen, Berlin, Germany


The composites combining aluminum and silica nanoparticles with the addition of tetramethylammonium hydroxide (Al-SiO2(T)) and butanol (Al-SiO2(B)) as mixing media have been successfully fabricated. Corrosion behavior of Al-SiO2 composites before and after exposure in 1M NaCl solution was examined using potentiodynamic polarization (Tafel curve analysis). The study was also equipped with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) investigations. Before exposure, Al-SiO2(T) exhibited the best corrosion resistance. Performance improvement was indicated by Al-SiO2(B) up to 10 times better than Al-SiO2(T) after exposure. The increased SiO2 content did not significantly enhance the corrosion resistance of the composites. The Al-SiO2 composites with 5% SiO2 content showed very high corrosion resistance (as the optimum composition). Furthermore, pitting corrosion was observed in the Al-SiO2 composites, indicated by the formation of corrosion products at grain boundaries. The product was affected by the presence of SiO2 in the Al matrix and the NaCl environment at 90°C (approach to synthetic geothermal media: Na+, Cl, H+, OH-). Our study revealed the presence of g-Al2O3, g-Al(OH)3, and Al(OH)2Cl as the dominant corrosion products.


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