Improvement Performances of Active and Reactive Power Control Applied to DFIG for Variable Speed Wind Turbine Using Sliding Mode Control and FOC


1 LEB – Research Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, Mostefa Benboulaid-Batna 2 University, Algeria

2 Laboratory of Electromagnetic Induction and Propulsion Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Batna University, Algeria


This paper deals with the Active and Reactive Power control of double-fed induction generator (DFIG) for variable speed wind turbine. For controlling separately the active and the reactive power generated by a DFIG, field oriented control (FOC) and indirect sliding mode control (ISMC) are presented. These non linear controls are compared on the basis of topology, cost, efficiency. The main contribution of this work based to the short time of response with excellent convergence and high decoupled between active and reactive power in one part and in the second part we define the benefit to use indirect model of DFIG to the conception of indirect sliding mode control by using the relationships between stator powers and rotor currents. The simulation results have shown good performances concerning the tracking of the references both in transient and steady state and prove the effectiveness of sliding mode control to track the given references using PWM inverter.


1.     Salehi, M. and Davarani, R.Z., "Effect of different turbine-generator shaft models on the subsynchronous resonance phenomenon in the double cage induction generator based wind farm", International Journal of Engineering-Transactions B: Applications,  Vol. 29, No. 8, (2016), 1103-1111.
2.     Hamidi, H., Mortazave, H. and Salahshoor, A., "Designing and modeling a control system for aircraft in the presence of wind disturbance", International Journal of Engineering-Transactions C: Aspects,  Vol. 30, No. 12, (2017), 1856-1862.
3.     Aroussi, H., Ziani, E. and Bossoufi, B., "Robust control of a power wind system based on the double fed induction generator (DFIG)", Journal of Automation & Systems Engineering JASE,  Vol. 9, No. 3, (2015), 156-166.
4.     Rouabhi, R., Abdessemed, R., Chouder, A. and Djerioui, A., "Power quality enhancement of grid connected doubly-fed induction generator using sliding mode control", International Review of Electrical Engineering,  Vol. 10, (2015), 266-276.
5.     Boualouch, A., Essadki, A., Nasser, T., Boukhriss, A. and Frigui, A., "Power control of dfig in wecs using backstipping and sliding mode controller", International Journal of Electrical Computer Energetic Electronic and Communication Engineering,  Vol. 9, (2015), 612-618.
6.     Karami-Mollaee, A., "Adaptive fuzzy dynamic sliding mode control of nonlinear systems", International Journal of Engineering-Transactions B: Applications,  Vol. 29, No. 8, (2016), 1075-1086.
7.     Vali, M., Rezaie, B. and Rahmani, Z., "Designinga neuro-sliding mode controller for networked control systems with packet dropout", International Journal of Engineering-Transactions A: Basics,  Vol. 29, No. 4, (2016), 490-499.
8.     Mechter, A., Kemih, K. and Ghanes, M., "Sliding mode control of a wind turbine with exponential reaching law", Acta Polytechnica Hungarica,  Vol. 12, No. 03, (2015), 167-183.
9.     Drid, S., "Contribution à la modélisation et à la commande robuste d’une machine à induction double alimentée à flux orienté avec optimisation de la structure d’alimentation: Théorie et expérimentation", PhD Thesis, University of Batna, Algeria, (2005).