Electerical & Computer Engineeing, Islamic Azad Universit,West Tehran Branch
Dept. of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engin, Trinity College Dublin
Electrical Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University G.C.
In the presented paper, a sensorless driver circuit is designed, constructed and tested to control two types of three-phase Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM). The presented control algorithm has three steps. In the first step, the SRM is controlled by an open-loop method. In the second step, mathematical model of the SRM phase, motor parameters and flux-current-rotor position relation are used in order to calculate the position of the rotor and then control the motor in low speed. In the third step, the current waveform of the excited phase of the motor is utilized in order to detect the rotor position and control the SRM in high speed. In the presented circuit, an Atmega128 AVR microcontroller is used to implement the control algorithms and generate gate pulses of transistors. Asymmetric bridge converter with N-channel Mosfets is used in order to excite the winding of phases. The parameters of the SRMs which are required for designing the sensorless driver circuit are obtained by simulating and analyzing the motors by Finite Element Method (FEM). The constructed circuit is tested in laboratory by driving the selected SRMs in no-load condition and the operational results are obtained and compared to each other at the end.