Investigation of Air Turbulence Intensity Effect on the Flame Structure in Different Flame Holder Geometry


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modarres University

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kashan University

3 Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan


In this paper, the effect of air turbulence intensity on the flame structure in various radii and lengths of a flame holder numerically studied. Finite volume method is used to solve the governing equations. The obtained numerical results using realizable k-ε and β-PDF models show a good agreement with the experimental data. The results show that flame holder with greater lengths yield shorter flame lengths and higher flame temperature. Also, it is observed that by increasing flame holder radius, flame length slightly decreases at first and then it increases. When holder radius increases, flame temperature increases at first and thereafter decreases. The obtained results indicate that increasing air turbulence intensity results in considerable decrease in flame length, flame temperature, NO formation and temperature gradient in the flame zone.