Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology
Progressive conversion/shrinking core (PC-SC) models of constant-size cylinders were exploited to interpret the decarburization reactions of MgO-C-Si bricks heated up under blown air. Chemical adsorption/solid (or pore) diffusion mechanisms governed the reaction rate. With 5% silicon, chemical adsorption vanished at 1000 and 1100°C. The oxidation rate lowered then with temperature. This was due apparently to the blocking of the pore-end gorges by the voluminous compounds (like Forstrite). Arrhenius plots of the specific rates yielded the activation energies of the prevailing steps. Without Si antioxidant, three steps were appreciated having activation energies of 51.65 (for chemical adsorption), 125.75 (for solid-phase diffusion) and 9.08 KJ/mol (for pore diffusion). With 5 wt% silicon addition, two steps existed with activation energies of 51.65 (for chemical adsorption) and 134.59 KJ/mol (for solid-phase diffusion). These values were slightly lower than the corresponding activation energies reported earlier for MgO-C and MgO-C-Al systems. Small differences could apparently attribute to the tortuosity differences of the samples.