Optimization of GRI-mech 3.0 Mechanism using HCCI Combustion Models and Genetic Algorithm


1 Mechanical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology

2 Merchanical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology


  This paper presents a modeling study of a CNG Homogenous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engine using single-zone and multi-zone combustion models. Authors' developed code could be able to predict engine combustion and performance parameters in closed part of the engine cycle. As detailed chemical kinetics is necessary to investigate combustion process in HCCI engines, therefore, GRI-mech- 3.0 mechanism was used which includes 53 chemical species and 325 reactions for natural gas combustion. Although, single-zone model is useful to parametric study on variation of some engine combustion parameters such as start of combustion (SOC). But, it could neither be able to accurately predict other engine combustion related parameters nor engine performance and emission parameters. Hence, a multi- zone combustion model was developed to predict those parameters accurately. GRI-mech- 3.0 combustion mechanism was developed for natural gas combustion without considering Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR). To consider the effect of EGR on HCCI combustion, the mechanism's rate coefficients should be optimized. These coefficients were optimized using a developed genetic algorithm code. Predicted values show good agreement with corresponding experimental values for whole ranges of engine operating conditions.