A Multi Objective Optimization Model for Multi-commodity Closed-loop Supply Chain Network Considering Disruption Risk

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department Mathematics, Noor branch, Islamic Azad University, Noor, Iran


Recently, the difference in the most effective competencies is considered the main competitive factor in organizations. To this end, organizations seek to improve a number of their functional capabilities, expertise, and capacities to enhance their operational area. Therefore, when an organization focuses on the quality of its services or products, it is trying to improve maintainability to gain a competitive advantage. In this study, a closed-loop, multi-objective, multi-level, multi-commodity, and multi-period mathematical model for a supply chain with producer, and distributor components is presented to locate and allocate items. The presented model can control environmental, economic, and social factors along the chain. One of the most important and unique aspects of the current study is considering different scenarios in the closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) so that the quality of the produced and transported products is paid attention to according to perishability. In addition, to control environmental effects, the model can minimize total CO2 emissions. The problem is solved on small, medium, and large scales using Epsilon Constraint and NSGA-II methods. According to the obtained results, the flow according to the boom scenario is more than the stagnation scenario. Finally, according to the sensitivity analysis, the number of centers established increases with an increase in demand. The results show that the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) model can predict the behavior of the model well in the long term. For this purpose, Mean ideal distance (MID) index, has been used for evaluation of calculation. the value of standard MID is equal to 6.56 that shows the model accuracy is adequate.

Graphical Abstract

A Multi Objective Optimization Model for Multi-commodity Closed-loop Supply Chain Network Considering Disruption Risk


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