Document Type : Original Article
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
School of Technology and Innovations, University of Vaasa, Vaasa, Finland
Grid-connected inverters are considered vital elements for effectively connecting renewable energy sources and distributed generation system applications. Ripple-induced current harmonics in DC link and high switching frequency are the disadvantages of grid-connected inverters that are reduced by LCL filters. However, the intrinsic resonance in the LCL filter leads to instability of the power transmission system. As a result, suitable damping is essential for removing resonance in the LCL filters. The contribution of this paper is to improve the quality of injectable power of LCL filter-based grid-connected photovoltaic array. For this contribution, the stability of the grid-connected inverter has been investigated using active damping method, and maximum power point tracking (MPPT) for the PV array has been performed. The capacitor voltage feedforward active damping method considering computational delay is presented in this paper. By using the inverter-side current feedback beside this method, the proposed control maintains the system's low-frequency specifications independent of the grid impedance changes. It provides high harmonic rejection capability without additional compensators. Also, the number of sensors is decreased due to the alternative measurement of the capacitor voltage instead of the grid voltage for the phase lock loop (PLL). Meanwhile, maximum power point tracking is implemented using the incremental conductance (IC) technique in the boost converter. In addition, a simple and suitable computational method for designing LCL filter parameters is presented, and the system’s sensitivity is analyzed. Finally, the simulation has been implemented in MATLAB software that indicates the accurate performance of the control system in injecting the maximum power of the photovoltaic array into the grid and the highly desirable quality of the injectable current to the grid.