Document Type : Original Article
Department of Civil Engineering, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
Civil Engineering Department, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
A series of large-scale laboratory model tests in a unit cell was performed to explore the behaviour of loose sandy soil due to improvement. An unreinforced and geogrid reinforced granular blanket, a single end-bearing stone column, and their combination were used for this purpose. Since the rupture of the geosynthetic reinforcement in the reinforced granular blanket has never been experimentally investigated. A novel method of installing the geogrid was used. Thus, geogrid was allowed to completely mobilize and fail under loads. In this investigation, load-settlement characteristics have been generated by continuing loading even after geogrid rupture until the desired settlement. Parametric studies were carried out to observe the effect of important factors, such as the blanket thickness and the layout of geosynthetic sheets, including the number and place of geogrid layers within the granular blanket. Reinforcing the blanket with geogrid while changing the usual form of the load-settlement characteristics has had a significant effect on enhancing load-carrying capacity and reducing settlement. It can be said using a stone column, granular blanket, or combination of both techniques to boost load-carrying capacity was more effective than reducing settlement. However, the effect of single-layer and double-layer geogrid reinforcement on settlement reduction depends on their placement within the granular blanket. In addition, the efficiency of improvement methods has been superior under looser bed conditions. The best layout was to arrange one layer of geogrid near the top of the blanket or two layers in the middle and near the top.