Document Type : Original Article
Electrical Engineering Department, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, Mumbai, India
Electronics and Telecommunication engg. Department, Sinhgad College of Engineering, Pune, India
A reliable and effective hybrid beamforming design for dual functioning multi-input multi-output (MIMO) radar is a challenging research problem because of the concerns related to limited user capacity, interference, and lack of performance trade-off. Due to the shortage of available spectrum, radar frequency spectrum sharing has become vital in emerging 5G communication systems. This will reduce spectrum congestion, therefore receiving significant attention. The existing hybrid beamforming methods reduce the radio frequency (RF) chains but improving user capacity is still a major concern. Future dual radar-communication designs are having challenges in enhancing the user capacity with minimum RF chains, interference mitigation, and hardware cost reduction. This work proposes a novel approach to a hybrid beamforming mechanism for dual-functioning MIMO radar. This mechanism uses the dimension-reduced baseband piecewise successive approximation integrated with a digital precoder. At the analog precoder, the piecewise successive iterative approximation approach is applied to perform the analog beamforming. The novel hybrid beamforming with lens antenna array integration improves the user capacity and reduces power requirement, interference, and expenses. The simulation results showed improved performances compared to existing state-of-the-art methods in terms of bit error rate, spectral efficiency, energy efficiency, and response time.