Document Type : Original Article
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
Microchannel heat sink has been employed and as a part of electronic equipment extensively investigated. In this investigation, heat transfer and fluid flow features of laminar flow of water in a manifold microchannel heat sink (MMHS) was numerically simulated. Selected heat flux was 100 W/m^2 and water was as working fluid. The effect of length of inlet/outlet ratio (λ=Linlet/Loutlet), the height of microchannel (Hch), and width of the microchannel (Wch) at Reynolds number (Re) range from 20 to 100 as independent parameters on the fluid flow and heat transfer features were examined. Obtained results demonstrate that in MMHS, the impinging jet on the bottom channel surface, inhibits the growth of hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layers, resulting in an enhanced heat transfer rate. Also, by increasing Re and keeping the geometric parameters constant, the heat transfer rate increases. Based on the present investigation, for low Re, it is better to choose a λ=Linlet/Loutlet >1 and for high Re, choose a λ<1. For low Re, maximum of performance evaluation criterion (PECmax) is obtained at Hch=300µm, and for high Re, PECmax is obtained at Hch=240µm. for Re=20 to 100, the maximum of PECmax is 1.765 and obtained at Re=100 and Hch=240µm.