Evaluation of corrosion resistance of bi-layered plasma-sprayed coating on titanium implants

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Materials and Energy Research Center, P.O. Box 31787-316, Karaj, Iran

2 Materials and Energy Research Center

Abstract

There are several attempts to improve surface characteristics of biomaterials with thick film coatings. In this research, a class of protective coating layers of bi-layered Hydroxyapatite (HA)/Al2O3-SiO2 (with 10, 20, 30 %wt SiO2) were deposited on titanium (Ti) surfaces by plasma spray technique. The surface features of the applied coating layers were evaluated in detail to confirm the effectiveness of the technique for further biomedical applications. The results demonstrated that uniform and bi-layered plasma sprayed coatings can be successfully prepared through the optimization of engineering parameters. Also, it was found that the roughness of the bi-layered coatings increases with increasing the number of coating layers. The corrosion behavior of the coated and uncoated samples was comparatively investigated using electrochemical tests. The current density (icorr) was measured 0.27μA/cm2, 0.28 μA/cm2, 0.23 μA/cm2, 0.79 μA/cm2 for HA, (HA)/Al2O3-SiO2 (with 10, 20, 30 %wt SiO2), respectively. According to the results, corrosion resistance of samples with 20% SiO2 is significantly improved compared to the single-layer HA and bare Ti. The outcomes of FESEM results revealed that porosity and cavities related to evaporation of adhesive PVA and it is confirmed by increasing the percentage of silica to more than 20%, porosity has increased. In conclusion, the proposed coating system showed promising abilities for future biomedical applications. It could be optimized and improved by changing the structural characteristics of the substrate, chemical composition and porosity of the coating layers.

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