Behavior of Gypseous Soil under Static and Dynamic Loading

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Transportation and Airports Engineering, University of Diyala, Iraq


This study focusses on studying soaking and leaching effects on gypseous soil at both static and dynamic conditions. The soil used was Natural gypseous soil with 50% gypsum. Three parameters were studied (deformation ratio, dissolve gypsum salts and hydraulic conductivity) in both static and dynamic conditions. 20 tests were caried by laboratory model manufactured locally. A platform base connected to loading frame was designed in a manner that allow free movement provided for dynamic test, as in earth quake. Results of experimental work reviled that the deformation ratio S/B (settlement /footing width) for sample subjected to 30 seconds vibration was 15 times that of sample without vibration. On the other hand, 70% of hydraulic conductivity was achieved at the first 10 minutes leaching for model subjected to 30 seconds vibration. That reflects the effect of earth quack on structures constructed on such problematic soil. Author recommend to take cautions when constructing footings beside any dynamic soars specially in gypseous soil.


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