Material Science and Engineering Department, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Optoelectronic properties of hematite (α-Fe2O3) as a photoanode and the required over-potential in photo-assisted water splitting has been improved by presence of Co-Pi on its surface. In order to increase the lifetime of the photogenerated holes and lower the applied bias, cobalt-phosphate (Co-Pi) on nanostructured α-Fe2O3 by electrodeposition was deposited. The nanostructure morphology of the α-Fe2O3 was confirmed by XRD and SEM. After depositing four different thicknesses of Co-Pi on α-Fe2O3, their photo-electrochemical (PEC) property was determined using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) and chronoamperometry. The SEM and EDX results showed a complete coverage of Co-Pi on α-Fe2O3 and that the Co:P ratio was approximately 1:1.9 for the best produced catalyst. The highest performance of about 200 mV decrease in the onset potential was achieved for the 30-minutes electrodeposited sample. The Co-Pi/α-Fe2O3 catalyst showed an enhancement of 100% of photocurrent compared to the bare α-Fe2O3.