A Comparative Study of Extreme Learning Machines and Support Vector Machines in Prediction of Sediment Transport in Open Channels


Civil Engieering, Razi University


The limiting velocity in open channels to prevent long-term sedimentation is predicted in this paper using a powerful soft computing technique known as Extreme Learning Machines (ELM). The ELM is a single Layer Feed-forward Neural Network (SLFNN) with a high level of training speed. The dimensionless parameter of limiting velocity which is known as the densimetric Froude number (Fr) is predicted using ELM and the results are compared to those obtained using a Support Vector Machines (SVM). The comparison of the ELM and SVM methods indicates a good performance for both methods in the prediction of Fr. In addition to being computationally faster, the ELMĀ  method has a higher level of accuracy (R2=0.99, MAE=0.10; MAPE=2.34; RMSE=0.14; CRM=0.02) compared with the SVM approach.