Effect of Mechanical Milling on the Morphologyand Structural Evaluation of Al-Al2O3 Nanocomposite Powders


1 Mechanical engineering, Zagazig University, Egypt

2 Mechanical engineering, Girona University

3 Department of Mechanical Design and Production Eng, Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University


The morphological and microstructural changes during mechanical milling of Al powder mixed with 2.5, 5 and 10 wt.% Al2O3 particles were studied. The milling was performed in a planetary ball mill for various times up to 20 h. The produced composite powders were investigated using X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD) to elucidate the role of particle size, secondary phase content and milling time on grain size and lattice strain of Al matrix. The aluminum crystallite size estimated with broadening of XRD peaks by Williamson–Hall formula. To investigate the morphological changes by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. The results show that the addition of hard Al2O3 particles accelerates the milling process, leading to faster work hardening rate and fracture of the aluminum matrix. Furthermore, Al becomes smaller crystallite size during ball milling of Al powder in the presence of Al2O3 particles. The results revealed that the grain size of milled powders was about 45 nm with a noticeable presence of agglomerates. Uniform distribution of nano-sized Al2O3 particles in the Al matrix could be achieved with increasing milling time.