A Statistical Method for Sequential Images–based Process Monitoring

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Industrial Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Today, with the growth of technology, monitoring processes by the use of video and satellite sensors have been more expanded, due to their rich and valuable information. Recently, some researchers have used sequential images for defect detection because a single image is not sufficient for process monitoring. In this paper, by adding the time dimension to the image-based process monitoring problem, we detect process changes (such as the changes in the size, location, speed, color, etc.). The temporal correlation between the images and the high dimensionality of the data make this a complex problem. To address this, using the sequential images, a statistical approach with RIDGE regression and a Q control chart is proposed to monitor the process. This method can be applied to color and gray images. To validate the proposed method, it was applied to a real case study and was compared to the best methods in literature. The obtained results showed that it was more effective in finding the changes.