Effects of Brace-viscous Damper System on the Dynamic Response of Steel Frames

Document Type : Original Article


1 Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Civile, Edile e di Architettura, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy

2 Department of maritime engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Civil Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (R.O.C)


In this study, the effects of three different viscous damper configurations, chevron, diagonal and toggle, as well as brace stiffness on the performance of brace-viscous damper system in various steel frams under different earthquake records were investigated. A finite element software, ANSYS, is exploited to develop the numerical models. To verify the numerical simulations, their results were compared with those of the experimental studies in the literature. The results show the reduction in the base shear force given by the toggle configuration is larger than that due to the chevron and diagonal configurations. Regarding the brace stiffness (area), for a reference damping coefficient of 500 N.m/s, a 54% increase in the brace area (from 42 to 91.8 mm2) results in a 21.26, 38.61, and 17.57% reduction in the structure displacement response for the diagonal, chevron, and toggle configurations, respectively. Further, using the results of the numerical simulations, we proposed the spatially-optimized distribution of the brace-viscous damper system.