Evaluation of Seismic Behavior of Steel Moment Resisting Frames Considering Nonlinear Soil-structure Interaction


Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran


In structural analysis, the base of structures is usually assumed to be completely rigid. However, the combination of foundation and the subsurface soil, makes in fact a flexible-base for the soil-structure system. It is well-known that the structural responses can be significantly affected by incorporating the Soil-structure Interaction (SSI) effects. The aim of the present study is to provide more accurate structural responses analysis by considering the influence of SSI. It is noteworthy that the input ground motion records imposed to the combination of the soil, foundation and structure were selected in a such way that their characteristics were completely matched with the subsurface soil of structures. For this purpose, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 20-storey structures resting on a shallow foundation were selected and the concept of Beam on Nonlinear Winkler Foundation (BNWF) model is employed. The seismic responses of these structures were calculated based on the five different types of soil and the outcomes were compared with those from fixed-base structures.  A set of 35 ground motion excitations recorded on different soil types, is selected which categorized to 5 sets consist of 7 records. Non-Linear Response History Analysis (NL-RHA) was performed and radiation damping considered for all of the structures and soil types. The results clearly showed that the inter-storey drift ratio was reduced in lower stories considering SSI effects. These effects are strongly increased, especially with increasing the slenderness ratio of the structures and softening the subsurface soil. Finally, the period lengthening ratio of studied structures, for various soil types was investigated.


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