Durable Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete with Supplimentary Cementitious Materials


Civil Engineering Department, NIT, Raipur, India


Durability of concrete structure in marine environments is a big issue for many decades due to chloride attack. Chloride penetrates the concrete structure and accelerates the corrosion process of reinforcement which decreases the life of those structures. Also shrinkage cracks in concrete play main role for chloride penetration through concrete surface.  Many researchers tried to find easy and economical ways to obtain durable concrete in such marine region by use of supplementary cementitious material with proper curing regime. Also use of fiber in concrete may arrest the shrinkage cracks, decreasing the chloride permeability and increasing the durability of concrete. Durability of concrete with glass fiber and by replacement of cement and sand partially by supplementary cementitious material such as fly ash and pond ash, respectively is measured by conducting shrinkage test, bulk electrical resistivity, SEM and ultrasonic pulse velocity test. Based on various test result present research proposes an economical durable concrete with desired compressive strength by use of glass fiber and supplementary cementitious material.


1.     Han, S.-H., Kim, J.-K. and Park, Y.-D., "Prediction of compressive strength of fly ash concrete by new apparent activation energy function", Cement and Concrete Research,  Vol. 33, No. 7, (2003), 965-971.
2.     Langley, W., Carette, G.G. and Malhotra, V., "Strength development and temperature rise in large concrete blocks containing high volumes of low-calcium (astm class f) fly ash", Materials Journal,  Vol. 89, No. 4, (1992), 362-368.
3.     V.M., M., "High performance, high-volume fly ash concrete: A solution to the infrastructure needs of india", Indian Concrete Journal,  Vol. 76, (2002), 103-108.
4.     Shafabakhsh, G. and Ahmadi, S., "Evaluation of coal waste ash and rice husk ash on properties of pervious concrete pavement", International Journal of Engineering-Transactions B: Applications,  Vol. 29, No. 2, (2016), 192-201.
5.     Zhang, P., Li, Q. and Zhang, H., "Fracture properties of high-performance concrete containing fly ash", Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications,  Vol. 226, No. 2, (2012), 170-176.
6.     Saraswathy, V., Muralidharan, S., Thangavel, K. and Srinivasan, S., "Influence of activated fly ash on corrosion-resistance and strength of concrete", Cement and Concrete Composites,  Vol. 25, No. 7, (2003), 673-680.
7.     Thomas, M., "Chloride thresholds in marine concrete", Cement and Concrete Research,  Vol. 26, No. 4, (1996), 513-519.
8.     Soleimanzadeh, S. and Mydin, M.O., "Influence of high temperatures on flexural strength of foamed concrete containing fly ash and polypropylene fiber", International Journal of Engineering,  Vol. 26, No. 1, (2013), 365-374.
9.     Pofale, A. and Deo, S., "Comparative long term study of concrete mix design procedure for fine aggregate replacement with fly ash by minimum voids method and maximum density method", KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering,  Vol. 14, No. 5, (2010), 759-764.
10.   Sofi, A. and Phanikumar, B., "An experimental investigation on flexural behaviour of fibre-reinforced pond ash-modified concrete", Ain Shams Engineering Journal,  Vol. 6, No. 4, (2015), 1133-1142.
11.   Ramachandran, V. and Beaudoin, J.J., "Handbook of analytical techniques in concrete",  (2001).
12.   Jiang, C., Fan, K., Wu, F. and Chen, D., "Experimental study on the mechanical properties and microstructure of chopped basalt fibre reinforced concrete", Materials & Design,  Vol. 58, (2014), 187-193.
13.   Mehta, P.K. and Monteiro, P.J., Concrete: Microstructure, properties, and materials. (2006), New York: McGraw-Hill.
14.   Chandramouli, K., Srinivasa Rao, P., Pannirselvam, N., Seshadri Sekhar, T. and Sravana, P., "Strength properties of glass fiber concrete", ARPN journal of Engineering and Applied sciences,  Vol. 5, No. 4, (2010), 1-6.
15.   Chia, K.S. and Zhang, M.-H., "Water permeability and chloride penetrability of high-strength lightweight aggregate concrete", Cement and Concrete Research,  Vol. 32, No. 4, (2002), 639-645.
16.   Teo, D.C., Mannan, M. and Kurian, V., "Durability of lightweight ops concrete under different curing conditions", Materials and Structures,  Vol. 43, No. 1, (2010), 1-13.