Review Heat Exchanger: Research Development of Self-rotating Inserts in Heat Exchanger Tubes


1 School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Zhengzhou University

2 School of Chemical Engineering and Energy, Zhengzhou University


Heat exchangers are widely used in power engineering and industrial applications, many techniques such as coiled tube, surface tension devices, rough surfaces, extended surfaces have been investigated to enhancethermal performance and to minimize the cost and size of the heat exchanger equipment. One of the most important techniques is tube insert. In general,tube inserts can be classified into two broad categories: stationary inserts and self-rotating inserts.Compared with stationary inserts, the self-rotating inserts can rotate in the tube by fluid and the comprehensive performance of self-rotating inserts is improved significantly.This paper mainly focuses on reviewing the large number of experimental and numerical works taken by researchers on self-rotating inserts such as twisted tapes,miniature hydraulic turbine,turbine-type swirl generatorsetc.toimprove the thermal efficiency of heat exchanger and serviceable to designers implementing passiveenhancement techniques in heat exchange. The authors found that self-rotating inserts can strengthen the heat transfer efficiency meanwhile achieve on-line automatic anti-scaling and descaling effect. When the fluid velocity is more than 0.2m/s, most of self-rotating inserts can be applied meanwhile the convective heat transfer correlations have been discussed. The heat transfer performance and frictional loss have been discussed to get the optimal configuration of self-rotating inserts. Determining how to find the optimal self-rotating insert is the main objective of this paper..