The Possibility of using Flat Plate Solar Collector Based on the Best Calculated Tilt Angle in the City of Rasht as a Case Study (TECHNICAL NOTE)


1 , University of Guilan

2 faculty of engineering, university of guilan


The possibility of using flat plate collector in northern parts of Iran specially city of Rasht has been investigated in this paper. According to the high humidity in the northern parts of this country, diffuse radiation plays a more important role than direct radiation. This fact can change the results of delivered solar energy and the best tilt angle of the collector compared to the sunny central cities. For this purpose, maximum solar energy based on the best tilt angle is calculated first. Relative to the horizontal collector, changing the tilt angle daily, monthly, seasonally and yearly has increased the delivered solar energy 16.58%, 15.84%, 15.31% and 10.79% respectively. Then the steady state two dimensional equation of conduction for the collector plate has been solved and the length of the collector required for heating the water to a desired temperature has been obtained. 20 meters of a typical collector (10 numbers) increases the water temperature to 66 and 85ÚC in the months December and September respectively. Mean efficiency of the collectors decreases with increasing the temperature of inlet water. That is the efficiency of the first and tenth collectors is approximately 60% and lower than 10% respectively.