Convective Heat Transfer of Oil Based Nanofluid Flow Inside a Circular Tube


1 MECHANICAL ENGINIEERING, School of Mechanical Engineering

2 Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University

3 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad Universi


Abstract   An empirical investigation was carried out to study convective heat transfer of nanofluid flow inside an inclined copper tube under uniform heat flux condition. Required data are acquired for laminar and hydrodynamically fully developed flow inside round tube. The stable CuO-base oil nanofluid with different nanoparticle weight fractions of 0.5%, 1% and 2% was produced by means of ultrasonic device in two steps method. In this study, the effect of different parameters such as tube inclination, nanofluid weight fraction and Reynolds number on heat transfer coefficient was considered. Results show that the heat transfer coefficient of nanofluid with deferent weight fractions increases with the increase of Reynolds number inside horizontal and inclined round tubes. Also, increasing tube inclination from zero to 60 degree enhances slightly the heat transfer coefficient at same Reynolds number.