Simulation of Lid Driven Cavity Flow at Different Aspect Ratios Using Single Relaxation Time Lattice Boltzmann Method


1 Mechnical Engineering, University of Tehran

2 Mechanic Engineering Dept, University of Zanjan


Abstract   Due to restrictions on the choice of relaxation time in single relaxation time (SRT) models, simulation of flows is generally limited base on this method. In this paper, the SRT lattice Boltzmann equation was used to simulate lid driven cavity flow at different Reynolds numbers (100-5000) and three aspect ratios, K=1, 1.5 and 4. The point which is vital in convergence of this scheme is how the boundary conditions will be implemented. Two kinds of boundary conditions which imply no-slip and constant inlet velocity, imposed in the current work. For square cavity, results show that with increasing the Reynolds number, bottom corner vortices will grow but they won’t merge together. Also the merger of bottom corner vortices into a primary vortex and creation of other secondary vortices was shown in the cases which the aspect ratios are bigger than one. Also at the case which the aspect ratio equals four, and Reynolds number reaches over 1000, simulations predicted four primary vortices, which were not predicted by previous SRT models. The results were confirmed by Previous MRT model.