Semi-active Control of Building Structures using Variable Stiffness Device and Fuzzy Logic


1 Civil Engineering, University of Guilan

2 Civil Engineering, The University of Guilan, Rasht, I. R. Iran


Semi-active control devices, also called “Intelligent” control devices, constitute the positive aspects of both the passive and active control devices. A semi-active control strategy is similar to the active control strategy, but this control device has been shown to be more energy-efficient than active devices. A particular type of semi-active control device, the Variable Stiffness Device (VSD), consists of a hydraulic cylinder with a normally closed solenoid control valve inserted in the tube connecting the two cylinder chambers. This paper emphasizes on the application of Semi-active Fuzzy Logic Controller (SFLC) of this system for getting the best results in the reduction of the building responses under earthquake excitations. For the numerical example, a 12-story building, located in the city of Rasht, Iran, is modeled as 3-D frame and the problem is solved in state space. The results obtained from the proposed control scheme (SFLC) are compared with those obtained from the ON-OFF control method. It is found that the SFLC is highly effective in reducing the responses of the example building than the ON-OFF algorithm. In this study, the optimal values of the fuzzy rule bases, membership functions, and the location of the control device are determined.