Numerical Study of Flow and Heat Transfer in a Square Driven Cavity


Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology


A numerical approach called “SIMPLER” is used to investigate the  flow and heat transfer characteristics in a square driven cavity. The two-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations were solved and the results are depicted as contour plots of stream function, vorticity, and total pressure for Reynolds numbers from 1 to 10000. At the higher values of Reynolds number, an inviscid core region develops, but secondary eddies are present in the bottom corners of the square at all Reynolds numbers.  In addition, the energy equation was solved and  isotherms and wall heat-flux distributions are  graphically presented. The finding of the present  numerical solutions with those given in the literature are in good agreement.