Document Type : Original Article
Technology and Applied Sciences Laboratory, University Institute of Technology of Douala, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Laboratory of Energy, Materials, Modeling and Methods, National Higher Polytechnic School of Douala, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Department of Electrical Engineering, Advanced Teachers’ Training College for Technical Education, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
This article proposes a new engineering approach to detect targets using multi-static radars. It considers the aperture angle and the probability of false alarm of detection which allow to improve the performances of the radar system deployment. This proposed method is tested on three tomographic modes of multi-static radars: Single Input Multiple Output (SIMO), Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO), and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). In this work, a calculation and estimation method for the parameters (spacing sensor and tilt angle of baseline) are developed using the deployment of the radar system based on geometrical arrangements. Employing these parameters, estimated by the proposed approach, and using them for the calculation of the tomographic resolution, the nearest ambiguity location, and the scan loss which are radar deployment performances. The results show that the spacing between sensors varies from 40 to 70% with an increment of aperture angle from 15° to 30° and the step of variation in the false alarm probability of detection. The length of the radar system deployment is also reduced by 6.66%. This approach improves the capabilities of distinction of the targets in a multi-static radar system and allows a reduction in deployment costs.