Synthesis of Hard Layer by Titanium Addition During Welding Process and Quenched Directly

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia

2 Research Center for Metallurgy - National Research and Innovation Agency, Serpong, Indonesia


Enhance the surface hardness of materials usually conducted through a hardfacing technique. Hardfacing is popular, whereby materials with better properties are deposited over cheaper bulk material. This work fabricated hard layers by adding titanium (Ti) wire during the welding process. This research used low-carbon steel as the base material, wire optime Ti grade 1 for Ti addition, and an HV 600 electrode with a diameter of 3.2 mm for filler metal. A single-layer weld was conducted with SMAW (positive polarity and 90 A). The samples were directly quenched in a different solution after welding. The properties of the weld layer were examined phase, structure, microstructure, macrostructure, and hardness using optical emission spectroscopy (OES), x-ray diffraction (XRD), an optical microscope, a digital camera, and a hardness device, respectively. Adding titanium (Ti) to the weld layer and quenching the samples after welding in the solution enhances the hardness. This phenomenon is attributed to different phase compositions, oxides, and microstructures. A fine dispersion of small particles and oxide amount is important in increasing hardness. There is no cracking in the weld and base metal. In conclusion, samples BNTiO and BNTiM are recommended for lathe-cutting tools.


Main Subjects

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