A Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is a key visual project tool functioning as an obligation in managing construction projects, due to playing a crucial role from planning to execution. However, there are still several problems related to the implementation of WBS, such as miscommunication and poor development, where all involved execution parties do not accurately understand the scopes and objectives. This ultimately leads to project losses, based on cost, time, and quality, where standardization is not observed within the WBS preparation and development. Therefore, this study aims to develop a standard stadium WBS, for all involved execution parties to understand and achieve work information consistency. This was performed by mapping the Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and Bill of Quantities (BQ) data of previous stadium projects with experts in their respective fields. The results showed the development of a standard WBS containing levels 1-6, including design alternatives, implementation requirements, and material specifications. During application, this tool helped to compile the entire scope of results-oriented projects as related guidelines and standards, with each hierarchical level from the top to the lower components. The obtained results also considered the consultants, contractors, and auditors at the planning, implementation, and monitoring stages, respectively.
Awandari, L.P.P. and Indrajaya, I.G.B., "Pengaruh infrastruktur, investasi, dan pertumbuhan ekonomi terhadap kesejahteraan masyarakat melalui kesempatan kerja", E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana, Vol. 5, No. 12, (2016), 165388.
Mangkuto, R.A., Rachman, A.P., Aulia, A.G., Asri, A.D. and Rohmah, M., "Assessment of pitch floodlighting and glare condition in the main stadium of gelora bung karno, indonesia", Measurement, Vol. 117, (2018), 186-199.
Anggraini, A. and Latief, Y., "Development of work breakdown structure standard for safety planning on stadium construction work based on risk", in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, IOP Publishing. Vol. 1858, No. 1, (2021), 012073.
Rose, K.H., Book review: Practice standard for work breakdown structures—second edition: By project management institute. 2006, SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA.
Hidayah, D.N., Latief, Y. and Riantini, L.S., "Development of work breakdown structure standard based on risk for safety planning on dam construction work", in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, IOP Publishing. Vol. 420, No. 1, (2018), 012003.
Suanda, B., "Advanced & effective project management", Panduan Lengkap Bagi Praktisi Manajemen Proyek Profesional (Jakarta: PP Construction and Investment), (2016).
Asgari, M., Kheyroddin, A. and Naderpour, H., "Evaluation of project critical success factors for key construction players and objectives", International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications, Vol. 31, No. 2, (2018), 228-240.
Ansari, R., Banihashemi, S.A., Taherkhani, R. and Moradi., S., "Decision support systemn for analyzing key performance indicators in projects managemet", International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications, Vol. 35, No. 5, (2022), 7-8, doi: 10.5829/ije.2022.35.05b.03.
Peli, M., "Standardisasi perhitungan volume (smm) untuk menghindari perbedaan persepsi dalam pembuatan rencana anggaran biaya pada proyek konstruksi di indonesia", Jurnal Rekayasa, Vol. 7, No. 1, (2017), 88-103.
Jumas, D. and Tela, N., "Analisa kebutuhan standardisasi pengukuran kuantitas (standard method of measurement) pada industri konstruksi di indonesia", Jurnal Rekayasa, Vol. 7, No. 1, (2017), 16-26.
Perumal, V.R. and Bakar, A.H.A., "The needs for standardization of document towards an efficient communication in the construction industry", Acta technica Corviniensis-Bulletin of Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 1, (2011), 23.
Akbar, A.R.N., Mohammad, M.F., Ahmad, N. and Maisyam, M., "Adopting standardization in construction environment: Standard method of measurement (smms)", Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 170, (2015), 37-48.
Farkas, E.B., "Review guide to the project management body of knowledge 6th edition", Podium, Vol., No. 34, (2018), 85-88, doi.
Schwalbe, K., "Information technology project management, Cengage Learning, (2015).
Stackpole, C.S., "A user's manual to the pmbok guide, John Wiley & Sons, (2013).
Lee, J., Deng, W.-Y., Lee, W.-T., Lee, S.-J., Hsu, K.-H. and Ma, S.-P., "Integrating process and work breakdown structure with design structure matrix", Simulation, Vol. 7, (2010), 8.
Postula, F.D., "Wbs criteria for effective project control", AACE International Transactions, (1991), I6 (1).
Salsabila, F., Latief, Y., Riantini, L.S. and Muslim, F., "Development of dictionary and checklist based on wbs (work breakdown structure) of air side facilities in airport construction works for quality planning", in Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management. No. August, (2020).
Lei, S., "Wbs-based risk identification for the whole process of real estate project and countermeasures", in National Conference on Information Technology and Computer Science, Citeseer. (2012).
Elsye, V., Latief, Y. and Sagita, L., "Development of work breakdown structure (wbs) standard for producing the risk based structural work safety plan of building", in MATEC Web of Conferences, EDP Sciences. Vol. 147, (2018), 06003.
UEFA, U., Guide to quality stadiums. 2011, UEFA Nyon, Switzerland.
Hansen, S., "Investigasi teknik wawancara dalam penelitian kualitatif manajemen konstruksi", Jurnal Teknik Sipil, Vol. 27, No. 3, (2020), 283.
Amin, J., Sagita, L. and Latief, Y., "Work breakdown structure (wbs) dictionary and checklist development of stadium architectural and interior works for safety planning", in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, IOP Publishing. Vol. 930, No. 1, (2020), 012006.
Putro, A., Latief, Y., Nursin, A., & Soepandji, B. S. (2022). Development of Work Breakdown Structure for Stadium Work as Project Guideline and Standard. International Journal of Engineering, 35(7), 1291-1299. doi: 10.5829/ije.2022.35.07a.08
A. Putro; Y. Latief; A. Nursin; B. S. Soepandji. "Development of Work Breakdown Structure for Stadium Work as Project Guideline and Standard". International Journal of Engineering, 35, 7, 2022, 1291-1299. doi: 10.5829/ije.2022.35.07a.08
Putro, A., Latief, Y., Nursin, A., Soepandji, B. S. (2022). 'Development of Work Breakdown Structure for Stadium Work as Project Guideline and Standard', International Journal of Engineering, 35(7), pp. 1291-1299. doi: 10.5829/ije.2022.35.07a.08
Putro, A., Latief, Y., Nursin, A., Soepandji, B. S. Development of Work Breakdown Structure for Stadium Work as Project Guideline and Standard. International Journal of Engineering, 2022; 35(7): 1291-1299. doi: 10.5829/ije.2022.35.07a.08