Document Type : Original Article
Northwest Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xianyang, China
Aiming at the problem that it is difficult to realize the optimal design due to the fuzzy mapping relationship for the structural stiffness of multiple stepped cantilever beam; a stiffness matching modeling and active stiffness design approach was proposed. Firstly, by deriving out the continuous coordination conditions and the load extrapolation expressions of the cantilever joint, the stiffness analytical model and the recursive model were established for multiple cantilever beam segments, and the stiffness influence coefficient of those composition parameters were obtained by the sensitivity analysis. Then, the active stiffness optimization design process was constructed according to the stiffness design level of the stepped cantilever beam, and those implementation procedures were clearly figured out. Finally, the comparison and verification of the stiffness design of the stepped cantilever beam was carried out through numerical simulations, finite element analysis and bench test. The obtained results showed that the established models and the active stiffness design method are reasonable and effective. The stiffness match parameters are easy to meet the stiffness index requirements, and the safety factor is greater than 1; when the number of steps is not more than 5. The relative error between the match stiffness and the test stiffness is less than 15%, which can be reduced to less than 5% by adding redundancy coefficient (1.05, 1.15).