Performance of Prefabricated Foam Concrete as Infilled Wall Under Cyclic Lateral Loading

Document Type : Original Article


Civil Engineering Department, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia


Every year earthquakes occur in various regions in Indonesia because Indonesia is located near earthquake faults. The cyclic lateral loading test in the laboratory has been widely used to simulate lateral loads caused by earthquake events. This research is an experimental study on the behavior of prefabricated foam concrete as an infill wall against lateral cyclic loads. Prefabricated foam concrete was used in this study to make it an alternative to brick and autoclaved lightweight concrete (ALC) blocks that have been widely used as infill walls. This study analyzes the relationship between performance levels, lateral loads and drifts ratio on RC infilled prefabricated foam concrete. Lateral cyclic loading with displacement control method was applied to evaluate the structural behavior where the test refers to ASTM E2126-02a. This study adopts FEMA 273, which regulates the performance levels to be achieved by the structure of a building. The results showed that at performance levels Operational Level (OL), Immediate Occupancy (IO) and Life Safety (LS), the RC frame infilled with prefabricated foam concrete blocks had a drift ratio of 0.2%, 1.2% and 2.4%, respectively. Damage to the RC frame infilled with prefabricated foam concrete blocks was similar to the masonry infilled RC frame.


Main Subjects

  1. Watanabe, S., Shima, N., and Fujita, K., “Research on Non-Engineered Housing Construction Based on a Field Investigation in Jakarta,” Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, Vol. 12, No. 1, (2013), 33–40. Doi: 10.3130/jaabe.12.33.
  2. Tumengkol, H. A., Irmawaty R., Parung H, and Amiruddin A., “Precast Concrete Column Beam Connection Using Dowels Due to Cyclic Load,” International Journal of Engineering, Transaction A: Basics, Vol. 35, No. 1, (2022), 81–91. Doi: 10.5829/ije.2022.35.01A.09.
  3. Amran, Y. H. M., Farzadnia, N., and Abang Ali, A. A., “Properties and applications of foamed concrete; a review,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 101, (2015), 990–1005. Doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.10.112.
  4. Lesovik. V, Voronov. V, Glagolev. E, Fediuk. R, Alaskhanov. A, Amran. YHM, Murali. G, and Baranov. A., “Improving the behaviors of foam concrete through the use of composite binder,” Journal of Building Engineering, Vol. 31, (2020), 101414. Doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2020.101414.
  5. Sunarno, Y., Tjaronge, M. W., and Irmawaty, R., “Preliminary study on early compressive strength of foam concrete using Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) and Portland Composite Cement (PCC),” IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 419, No. 1, (2020), 012033. Doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/419/1/012033.
  6. Syahrul, Tjaronge. MW, Djamaluddin. R, and Amiruddin. AA., “Flexural Behavior of Normal and Lightweight Concrete Composite Beams,” Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 7, No. 3, (2021), 549–559. Doi: 10.28991/cej-2021-03091673.
  7. Standard National of Indonesia. Standard Test Spesification for Lightweight Aggregates for Structural Concrete. SNI 03-3449-2002.
  8. Bindiganavile, V. and Hoseini, M., “Foamed concrete,” in Developments in the Formulation and Reinforcement of Concrete, (2019), 365–390. , Doi: 10.1016/B978-0-08-102616-8.00016-2.
  9. Narayanan, N. and Ramamurthy, K., “Structure and properties of aerated concrete: a review,” Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 22, No. 5, (2000), 321–329. Doi: 10.1016/S0958-9465(00)00016-0.
  10. Hajimohammadi, A., Ngo, T., and Mendis, P., “Enhancing the strength of pre-made foams for foam concrete applications,” Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 87, (2018), 164–171. Doi: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.12.014.
  11. Hamzah, L., Puspito, N. T., and Imamura, F., “Tsunami Catalog and Zones in Indonesia.,” Journal of Natural Disaster Science, Vol. 22, No. 1, (2000), 25–43. Doi: 10.2328/jnds.22.25.
  12. Siqi, L., Tianlai, Y., and Junfeng, J., “Investigation and Analysis of Empirical Field Seismic Damage to Bottom Frame Seismic Wall Masonry Structure,” International Journal of Engineering, Transaction B: Applications, Vol. 32, No. 8, (2019), 1082–1089. Doi: 10.5829/ije.2019.32.08b.04.
  13. Luca. FD, Woods. GED, Galasso. C, and Ayala. DD, “RC infilled building performance against the evidence of the 2016 EEFIT Central Italy post-earthquake reconnaissance mission: empirical fragilities and comparison with the FAST method,” Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 16, No. 7, (2018), 2943–2969. Doi: 10.1007/s10518-017-0289-1.
  14. Shing, P. B. and Mehrabi, A. B., “Behaviour and analysis of masonry-infilled frames,” Progress in Structural Engineering and Materials, Vol. 4, No. 3, (2002), 320–331. Doi: 10.1002/pse.122.
  15. Building Seismic Safety Council. NEHRP Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, FEMA-273, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C. (1997).