Precast Concrete Column Beam Connection Using Dowels Due to Cyclic Load

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Civil engineering, Universitas Hasanuddin Indonesia

2 Department of Civil engineering, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia


The beam-column connection plays an important role in the building structure, especially when the load is cyclic. The main problem that must be solved is the beam and column connection panels. The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of the hysteresis loop of the displacement load relationship with the control displacement of the precast beam-column connection due to cyclic loading. The research method used is the experimental method with a measurable object design test and a special testing method. The results of this study indicate that normal concrete has a compressive strength of 26.43 MPa, while grouted concrete has a compressive strength of 36.97 MPa. The findings of this study also show that the bond stress grouted concrete increases by 102.4% from normal concrete for D13 diameter screw reinforcement, while for D16 diameter, the adhesive stress increases by 51.63%. The findings of this study also show that in the ultimate condition, the load obtained in the tensile load is 13.58 kN with a displacement of 87.58 mm, while the compressive load is 12.62 kN with a displacement of 88.30 mm. This study concludes that the behavior of precast beam-column joints with dowels is stronger in resisting cyclic loads.


  1. Breccolotti, M., Gentile, S., Tommasini, M., Materazzi, A.L., Bonfigli. MF, Pasqualini. B, Colone. V, Gianesini. M., “Beam-column joints in continuous RC frames: Comparison between cast-in-situ and precast solutions,” Engineering Structures, 127, (2016), 129-144. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2016.08.018.
  2. Ma, F., Deng, M., Yang, Y., “Experimental study on internal precast beam-column ultra-high-performance concrete connection and shear capacity of its joint,” Journal of Building Engineering, (2021), 103204. doi:
  3. Wu, B., Peng, C.W., Zhao, X.Y., “Cyclic loading tests of semi-precast circular steel tubular columns incorporating precast segments containing demolished concrete lumps,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 211, (2020), 110438. doi:
  4. Xie, L., Wu, J., Zhang, J., Liu, C., “Experimental study of mechanical properties of beam-column joint of a replaceable energy-dissipation connector-precast concrete frame,” Journal of Building Engineering, Vol. 43, (2021), 102588. doi:
  5. Yan, Q., Chen, T., Xie, Z., “Seismic experimental study on a precast concrete beam-column connection with grout sleeves,” Engineering Structures, 155, (2018), 330-344. doi:
  6. Cai, X., Pan, Z., Zhu, Y., Gong N., Wang, Y., “Experimental and numerical investigations of self-centering post-tensioned precast beam-to-column connections with steel top and seat angles,” Engineering Structures., Vol. 226, (2021), 111397. doi:
  7. Kataoka, M.N., Ferreira, M.A., de Cresce E.D., Ana, L.H., “Nonlinear FE analysis of slab-beam-column connection in precast concrete structures,” Engineering Structures, 143, (2017), 306-315. doi:
  8. Zhang, J., Ding, C., Rong, X., Yang, H., Li, Y., “Development and experimental investigation of hybrid precast concrete beam-column joints” Engineering Structures, Vol. 219, (2020), 110922. doi:
  9. Li, Z, Qi, Y, Teng. J., “Experimental investigation of prefabricated beam-to-column steel joints for precast concrete structures under cyclic loading,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 209, (2020), 110217. doi:
  10. H, Marino. EM, Pan. P, Liu. H, Nie. X., “Experimental study of a novel precast prestressed reinforced concrete beam-to-column joint,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 156, (2018), 68-81. doi:
  11. Kang, SB, Tan, KH., “Behaviour of precast concrete beam-column sub-assemblages subject to column removal,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 93, (2015), 85-96. doi:
  12. Hu, G., Huang, W., Xie, H., “Mechanical behavior of a replaceable energy dissipation device for precast concrete beam-column connections,” Journal of Constructional Steel Researchs, 164, (2020), 105816. doi:
  13. Singhal, S., Chourasia, A., Kajale, Y., “Cyclic behaviour of precast reinforced concrete beam-columns connected with headed bars,” Journal of Building Engineering, 42, (2021), 103078. doi:
  14. Yang, J., Guo, T., Chai, S., “Experimental and numerical investigation on seismic behaviours of beam-column joints of precast prestressed concrete frame under given corrosion levels,” Structures, 27, (2020), 1209-1221. doi:
  15. Ghayeb, H.H., Razak, H.A., Sulong, N.H.R., “Development and testing of hybrid precast concrete beam-to-column connections










under cyclic loading,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 151, (2017), 258-278. doi:

  1. Do, T. A., Chen, H. L., Leon. G., Nguyen, T.H., “A combined finite difference and finite element model for temperature and stress predictions of cast-in-place cap beam on precast columns,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 217, (2019), 172-184. doi:
  2. Li, D., Wu, C., Zhou, Y., Luo, W., Lie, W., “A precast beam-column connection using metallic damper as connector: Experiment and application,” Journal of Constructional Steel Researchs, Vol. 181, (2021), 106628, doi:
  3. Nzabonimpa, J.D., Hong, W.K., Kim, J., “Experimental and non-linear numerical investigation of the novel detachable mechanical joints with laminated plates for composite precast beam-column joint,” Composite Structures, Vol. 185, (2018), 286-303, doi:
  4. Wang, H., Marino, E.M., Pan, P., “Design, testing and finite element analysis of an improved precast prestressed beam-to-column joint,” Engineering Structures, Vol. 199, (2019), 109661, doi:
  5. Gou, S., Ding, R., Fan, J., Nie, X., Zhang., J., “Seismic performance of a novel precast concrete beam-column connection using low-shrinkage engineered cementitious composites,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 192, (2018), 643-656, doi:
  6. Guerrero, H., Rodriguez, V., Escobar, J.A., Alcocer, S.M., Bennetts, F, Suarez, M., “Experimental tests of precast reinforced concrete beam-column connections,” Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 125, (2019), 105743, doi:
  7. L Li, S. Q., Yu, T. L., Chen, Y. S. “Comparison of macroseismic intensity scales by considering empirical observations of structural seismic damage”, Earthquak Spectra, 37, No. 1, (2021), 449-485. DOI: 10.1177/8755293020944174.
  8. Li, S. Q., Yu, T. L., Jia, J. F. “Empirical seismic vulnerability and damage of bottom frame seismic wall masonry structure: A case study in Dujiangyan (China) region”, International Journal of Engineering, Transactions C: Aspects, Vol. 32, No. 9, (2019), 1260-1268. DOI: 10.5829/ije.2019.32.09c.05
  9. ACI Committee 318-89, “Building Code Requirements for Reinforce Concrete (ACI 318-89),” Illionis, (1989)
  10. Li, S. Q., Yu, T. L., Jia, J. F. “Investigation and analysis of empirical field seismic damage to bottom frame seismic wall masonry structure”, International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications, Vol. 32, No. 8, (2019), 1082-1089. DOI: 10.5829/ije.2019.32.08b.04.
  11. ACI, “Recommendations for Design of Beam-Column Connections in Monolithic Reinforced Concrete Structures,” ACI 352R-02, American Concret Institute, Farmington Hills, Ml., (2002).
  12. ASTM, “Concrete and Material, Annual Book of ASTM Standart,” Vol. 04 No.02, (1993) Philadelpia