Document Type : Original Article
Department of Computer Science, Shahid Bahonar University of kerman, Kerman, Iran
Task scheduling is one of the fundamental issues that attract the attention of lots of researchers to enhance cloud performance and consumer satisfaction. Task scheduling is an NP–hard problem that is challenging due to the several conflicting objectives of users and service providers. Therefore, meta-heuristic algorithms are the more preferred option for solving scheduling problems in a reasonable time. Although many task scheduling algorithms are proposed, existing strategies mainly focus on minimizing makespan or energy consumption while ignoring other performance factors. In this paper, we propose a new task scheduling algorithm based on the Discrete Pathfinder Algorithm (DPFA) that is inspired by the collective movement of the animal group and mimics the guidance hierarchy of swarms to find hunt. The proposed scheduler considers five objectives (i.e., makespan, energy consumption, throughput, tardiness, and resource utilization) as cost functions. Finally, different algorithms such as Firefly Algorithm (FA), Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm (GOA), and Bat Algorithm (BA), are used for comparison. The experimental results indicate that the proposed scheduling algorithm can improve up to 9.16%, 38.44%, 3.59%, and 3.44% the makespan in comparison with FA, BA, PSO, and GOA, respectively. Moreover, the results show dramatic improvements in terms of resource utilization, throughput, and energy consumption.