Mechanical Properties of Ultra-high Performance Concrete Reinforced by Glass Fibers under Accelerated Aging

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan University of Engineering, Isfahan, Iran


Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) is a cementitious composite with fine aggregates and a homogeneous matrix with high compressive strength and excellent durability against aggressive agents. It is common to use short steel fibers in the UHPC. Besides, using steel fibers considerably increases the flexural ductility, durability and energy absorption. Using glass fibers in UHPC is a novel technique which improves its mechanical properties and it has the benefit of being lighter, and cheaper than steel fibers. Furthermore, glass fibers can be used for thin concrete plates for aesthetic purposes. However, glass fibers reinforced concrete is incompatible with the hydration reaction in the alkaline environment of concrete as it can damage glass fibers, so the mechanical properties of the concrete are decreased over long periods. The mechanical properties of UHPC containing glass fibers (GF-UHPC) was investigated under three regimes of normal curing, autoclave curing, and autoclave curing plus being in hot water for 50 days (accelerated aging). Besides, the substitution of silica fume by Metakaolin in GF-UHPC was studied to understand its mechanical properties after thermal curing. The results showed that after accelerated aging, the behavior of specimens become more brittle and the modulus of rupture and toughness indices of all prismatic specimens decreased, the modulus of rupture for samples containing glass fibers was 40% lower than autoclave curing results. However, the compressive strength under accelerated aging increased at least 4% in comparison to the normal curing. Replacement of silica fume with Metakaolin slightly increased the toughness with regard to flexural strength.


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