Direct Drive Friction Welding Joint Strength of AISI 304

Document Type : Technical Note


1 LMA, USTHB, BP. 32, El-Alia, 16111 Bab-Ezzoaur, Algiers, Algeria

2 LSGM, USTHB, BP. 32; El-Alia, 16111 Bab-Ezzouar, Algiers, Algeria

3 DE M E M, DTN, Centre de Recherche Nucléaire de Birine, BP. 180, Ain Oussera, Djelfa, Algeria

4 CSPBAT–LBPS, UMR 7244 CNRS, Paris University, Galilée Institute, Villetaneuse, France


The present study describes the effect of friction welding process on mechanical and metallurgical properties of AISI 304 steel. The joints were made by direct drive friction welding (DDFW) machine, while the characteristics of friction welded joints were evaluated by macro-microstructure, microhardness, tensile test with 4 mm and 6 mm effective diameter, and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results showed severe flash formation at stationary side related to rotating side, highly plastically deformed zone (HPDZ) was revealed at the interface with large dimension of 110 µm. Maximum microhardness values were recorded at welded center and increased from peripheral to central zones. Reducing ratio of ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and ductility for welded joint related to AISI 304 were 86 and 67%, respectively. Tensile fractures occurred adjacent to the interface at thermo-mechanically affected zone (TMAZ). Fracture morphologies by SEM were discovered cleavage features and mostly ductile mode with micro-porosities of different forms and dimensions


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