Actuator Fault Detection and Isolation for Helicopter Unmanned Arial Vehicle in the Present of Disturbance

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran


Helicopter unmanned aerial vehicle (HUAV) are an ideal platform for academic researchs. Abilities of this vehicle to take off and landing vertically while performing hover flight and various flight maneuvers have made them proper vehicles for a wide range of applications. This paper suggests a model-based fault detection and isolation for HUAV in hover mode. Moreover in HUAV, roll, pitch and yaw actuator faults are coupled and affect each other, hence, we need a method that decouples them and also separates fault from disturbance. For this purpose, a robust unknown input observer (UIO) is designed to detect bias fault and also catastrophic fault such as stuck in actuators of HUAV. The robust UIO isolates roll and pitch actuator faults from yaw actuator fault. The novelty of this manuscript is the design of two UIO observers to detect and decouple the faults of helicopter actuators, one for lateral and longitudinal actuators and the other for pedal actuator. Also, the proposed method is compared with extended Kalman filter (EKF). Simulation results show effectiveness of the proposed method for detection and isolation of actuator faults with less number of observers and it is able to decouple fault and disturbance effects.


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