Document Type : Original Article
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty Of Engineering, Udayana University, Bali Indonesia
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineerring, Udayana University, Bali Indonesia
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Udayana University, Bali Indonesia
Losing a house is the biggest threat to people during natural disasters, such as earthquakes that are frequent natural hazards in Indonesia. Post-disaster housing reconstruction becomes a construction challenge to build adequate houses contributing to personal safety, health and comfort. The invention of a simple ergonomic instant house using lightweight steel structure, bracing, and the local wood walls is urgently needed. This invention is proposed to provide quick and low-cost mass construction house which meet safety and comfort requirements. The house is designed in 6 meters by 3.5 meters while the height of the ceiling is 2.8 meters. The house's front side is equipped with a door and a window, while at the back is equipped with a window. The six criteria for appropriate technology are considered in the construction method. The criteria include technical, ergonomic, social and cultural, energy-saving systems, and environmentally friendly. The scheme of systemic, holistic, interdisciplinary and participatory (SHIP) is considered at stages of design, construction and maintenance. The structure system is analyzed with a 3D model of the finite element method using SAP-2000. The given questionnaires' feedback assesses the satisfaction of the residents living in the house. The conclusions are included in five substances: (1) The house materials are lightweight steels, bracings, and local wood; (2) The structure should meet the safety requirement; (3) The house satisfies the requirement of safety and health; (4) The residents are satisfied and positively improve their living conditions following the disaster; (5) The house satisfies a simple ergonomic house.