An Experimental Investigation of Synergistic Pulsation Bubble Column with Inverse Fluidized Loop Reactor for Removing Chloroform from Wastewater

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq


In this study, the feasibility of using the developed design for the removal of organic pollutants from wastewater was examined. The design includes the integration of the work of both pulsation bubble column (PBC) and the inverse fluidization airlift loop reactor (IFALR). The experimental podium was fabricated and installed which that consists of a bubble column with a diameter of 5 cm and a height of 210 cm,  contains at the top a solenoid valve which is electrically turned via at least two timers, and its connection with the loop reactor by a one-way valve. The loop reactor consists of an outer rectangular tube with dimensions (29 cm long x 15.5 cm wide x 150 cm high) and an internal draft tube with 9 cm diameter and 120 cm long as granular activated carbon is put as an adsorbent in the annulus region between the inner and outer tube. Experiments were conducted using one of the organic pollutants namely chloroform, with a work scenario that includes changing both the airflow rate (2-20) liters/minute, the total survival time of the treatment (5-60) minutes, the molar ratio of the chloroform pollutant to the oxidizing agent of hydrogen peroxide (1/10 - 1/20). The results showed removal efficiency near to 89%, and it gives an indication of the success of the proposed design, with the possibility of recycling the treated water and releasing it to the environment due to the low risk of the organic pollutant in it.


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