Document Type : Original Article
Department of Industrial Engineering, Shomal University, Amol, Iran
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Science and Technology of Mazandaran, Behshahr, Iran
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Nowadays, there is a great deal of attention for regulations of carbon emissions to enforce the decision-makers of production and distribution networks to redesign their systems satisfactorily. The literature has seen a rapid interest in developing novel metaheuristics to solve this problem as a complicated optimization problem. Such difficulties motivate us to address a production-distribution network design problem considering carbon emissions policies among the first studies in this area by a novel hybrid whale optimization algorithm. Accordingly, a mixed integer non-linear programming model has been developed. To tackle the proposed problem, a new hybrid metaheuristic based on whale optimization algorithm and simulated annealing as a successful optimizer is employed to solve the proposed problem. The calibration of the algorithms has been designed by Taguchi method, comprehensively. Finally, an extensive analysis has been evaluated through a comparative study along with some assessment metrics of Pareto solutions.