Voltage Regulation of DC-DC Series Resonant Converter Operating in Discontinuous Conduction Mode: The Hybrid Control Approach

Document Type: Original Article


Department of Electrical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


Dynamic modeling and control of dc-dc series resonant converter (SRC) especially when operating in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) is still a challenge in power electronics. Due to semiconductors switching, SRC is naturally represented as a switched linear system, a class of hybrid systems. Nevertheless, the hybrid nature of the SRC is commonly neglected and it is modeled as a purely continuous dynamics based on the sinusoidal approximation and averaging. However, an SRC may be purposely designed to operate in DCM so the sinusoidal approximation is no longer acceptable. Therefore, it is essential to analyze the stability using a more sophisticated model. This paper presents a novel hybrid control strategy for the output voltage regulation of the SRC operating in DCM. Neither sinusoidal nor averaging is used. The stability of the closed-loop system is systematically fulfilled by satisfying some linear matrix inequalities. The proposed hybrid control approach has simple hardware implementation which does not require fast sampling of the resonant tank waveforms and external voltage-controlled oscillator. A prototype of the SRC is constructed and the hybrid controller is realized on a TMS320F2812 DSP core. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by simulation and experimental results.