Cogging Torque Reduction of Sandwiched Stator Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Motor using Magnet Notching Technique

Document Type : Original Article


1 Electrical Engineering Department, Institute of Technology, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, India

2 Electrical Engineering Department, Government Engineering College, Bhuj, India


Cogging torque reduction of axial flux permanent magnet brushless dc (PMBLDC) motor is an important issue which demands attention of machine designers during design process. This paper presents magnet notching technique to reduce cogging torque of axial flux PMBLDC motor designed for electric vehicle application. Reference axial flux PMBLDC motor of 250 W, 150 rpm is designed with 48 stator slots and 16 rotor poles of NdFeb type permanent magnet without notching. Three dimensional finite element modeling and analysis is performed to obtain cogging torque profile of initially designed reference machine. Notches are created on permanent magnets and its influence on cogging torque is analyzed with 3-D finite element modeling and analysis. It is analyzed that magnet notching is an effective technique to reduce cogging torque of axial flux PMBLDC motor.