Improvement of Efficiency of Coal-Fired Steam Power Plant by Reducing Heat Rejection Temperature at Condenser Using Kalina Cycle


Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Durgapur, West Bengal, India


This paper proposes an approach for improving the plant efficiency by reducing the heat rejection temperature of power cycle using Kalina Cycle System 11 (KCS11) which is integrated at the steam condenser of a 500 MWe SubC (subcritical) coal-fired power plant. It is modelled by using power plant simulation software ‘Cycle Tempo’ at different plant operating conditions. Results show that the additional net electric power of 5.14 MWe from KCS11 improves the  net energy and exergy efficiencies of the power plant by about 0.302 % point and 0.27 % point, respectively at full load over the stand-alone coal-fired steam power plant. Thereby, the carbon dioxide (CO2) emission is reduced by about 2.02 t/h at full load. Combined plant efficiencies decrease with decrease in evaporator outlet temperature due to decrease in vapour quality of binary mixture at turbine inlet and higher steam turbine back pressure. Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCoE) generation and payback period of the combined cycle power plant are about Rs 1.734 and 4.237 years, respectively and the cost of fuel saving is about Rs 0.685 per kg of coal which is lower than the fuel cost.