Fabrication of (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene/Poly Ethylene Glycol) Nanofiltration Membrane: the Effect of PEG Concentration and Operating Conditions on Membrane Performance

Authors

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Arak University, Arak, Iran

Abstract

In the current research, ABS-co-PEG nanofiltration membrane was prepared by solution casting technique using N, N dimethyl acetamide as solvent. The effect of PEG concentration as additive in the casting solution on membrane flux, salt rejection, phase inversion time, water content, membrane porosity, membrane tensile strength and fouling was studied. Also the effect of operating conditions such as feed concentration, pressure and temperature on membrane performance were also studied. It was found that increase of PEG content up to 6 %wt in the casting solution initially led to increase in flux and decrease of salt rejection in prepared membranes. The flux was decreased and salt rejection increased by more increase in PEG content from 6 to 10 %wt. In addition, presence of PEG in membrane structure caused to formation of more stable flux during filtration time against fouling. Increase of feed salt concentration caused to flux decreasing. The ABS/PEG membrane showed more stable flux against increase of feed concentration. Moreover, flux was increased by increase of operating pressure and feed temperature. The results also showed a clear trend towards higher values of tensile strength by increase of PEG content ratio.

Keywords


1.     Bagheripour, E., Moghadassi, A.R., Hosseini, S. M., “Preparation of Polyvinylchloride Nanofiltration Membrane: Investigation of the Effect of Thickness, Prior Evaporation Time and Addition of Polyethylenglchol as Additive on Membrane Performance and Properties”, International Journal of Engineering, Transactions C: Aspects, Vol. 29, No. 3, (2016), 280-287.

2.     Eriksson, P., “Water and salt transport through two types of polyamide composite membranes”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 36, (1988), 297-313.

3.     Bagheripour, E., Moghadassi, A., Hosseini, S. M., “Incorporated Poly Acrylic Acid-co-Fe3O4 Nanoparticles Mixed Matrix Polyethersulfone based Nanofiltration Membrane in Desalination Process”, International Journal of Engineering, Transactions C: Aspects, Vol. 30, No. 6, (2016), 821-829.

4.     Daraei, P., Madaeni, S.S., Ghaemi, N., Monfared, H.A., Khadivi, M.A., "Fabrication of pes nanofiltration membrane by simultaneous use of MWCNT and surface graft polymerization method: Comparison of MWCNT and PAA modified MWCNT",  Separation and Purification Technology, Vol. 104, (2013), 32-44.

5.     Mobarakabad, P., Moghadassi, A. and Hosseini, S., "Fabrication and characterization of poly (phenylene ether-ether sulfone) based nanofiltration membranes modified by titanium dioxide nanoparticles for water desalination", Desalination, Vol. 365, (2015), 227-233.

6.     Du, R.,Zhao, J.,“Properties of poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate/polysulfone positively charged composite nanofiltration membrane”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 239, (2004) 183-188.

7.     Bagheripour, E., Hosseini, S. M., Hamidi, A. R., Moghadassi, A. R., "Fabrication and characterization of novel mixed matrix PES based nanofiltration membrane modified by Ilmenite", International Journal of Engineering, Transactions A: Basics, Vol. 30, No. 1, (2017) 7-14.

8.     Ghaemi, N., Madaeni, S. S., Alizadeh, A., Daraei, P., Vatanpour,  V., Falsafi, M., “Fabrication of cellulose acetate/sodium dodecyl sulfate Nano filtration membrane: Characterization and performance in rejection of pesticides”, Desalination, Vol. 290, (2012) 99–106.

9.     Kesting, R. E., “Synthetic Polymeric Membranes”, Wiley, New York, 1985.

10.   Maximous, N., Nakhla, G., Wan, W., Wong, K., “Preparation, characterization and performance of Al2O3/PES membrane for wastewater filtration”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 341, No. 1, (2009) 67–75.

11.   Han, R., Zhang, S., Liu, C., Wang, Y., Jian, X., “Effect of NaA zeolite performance”,  Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 345, (2009) 5–12.

12.   Madaeni, S.S., Arast, N., Rahimpour, F., Arast, Y., “Fabrication optimization of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)/polyvinylpyrrolidone nanofiltration membrane using response surface methodology”, Desalination, 280 (2011) 305–312.

13.   Liu, Y., Koops, G.H., Strathmann, H., “Characterization of morphology controlled polyethersulfone hollow fiber membranes by the addition of polyethylene glycol to the dope and bore liquid solution”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 223, (2003) 187–199.

14.   Chou, W.L., Yu, D.G., Yang, M.C., Jou, C.H. “Effect of molecular weight and concentration of PEG additives on morphology and permeation performance of cellulose acetate hollow fibers”, Separation and Purification Technology, Vol. 57 (2007) 209–219.

15.   Saljoughi, E. Amirilargani, M., Mohammadi, T., “Effect of PEG additive and coagulation bath temperature on the morphology, permeability and thermal/chemical stability of asymmetric CA membranes”,  Desalination, Vol. 262 (2010) 72–78.

16.   Chakrabarty,B., Ghoshal,A.K., Purkait, M.K., “Effect of molecular weight of PEG on membrane morphology and transport properties”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 309, No. 1 (2008) 209–221.

17.   Ebadi Amooghin, A., Sanaeepur, H., Moghadassi, A.R., Kargari, A., Ghanbari, D., Sheikhi Mehrabadi, Z., “Modification of ABS Membrane by PEG for Capturing Carbon Dioxide from CO2/N2 Streams”, Separation Science and Technology, Vol. 45, No. 10 (2010) 1385-1394.

18.   Han, R.,Zhang,S., Liu, C.,Wang,Y., Jian,X.,“Effect of NaA zeolite performance”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 345, (2009) 5–12.

19.   Soo Lee, H., Joon Im, S., Hak Kim, J., Jin Kim, H., Pyo Kim, J., Ryul Min,  B., “Polyamide thin-film nanofiltration membranes containing TiO2 nanoparticles”, Desalination, Vol. 219 (2008) 48–56.

20.   Daraei, P., Madaeni, S. S., Ghaemi, N., Salehi, E., Khadivi, M., Moradian, R., Astinchap, B., “Novel polyether sulfonenanocomposite membrane prepared by PANI/Fe3O4 nanoparticles with enhanced performance for Cu(II) removal from water”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 415 (2012) 250–259.

21.   Gholami, A., Moghadassi .A.R., Hosseini. S.M., Shabani. S., Gholami, F., “Preparation and characterization of polyvinyl chloride based nanocomposite nanofiltration-membrane modified by iron oxide nanoparticles for lead removal from water”, Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 20, (2013) 1517–1522.

22.   Han, M. J., Nam, S. T., “Thermodynamic and rheological variation in polysulfone solution by PVP and its effect in the preparation of phase inversion membrane”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 202 (2002) 55–61.

23.   Kim J. H., Lee, K. H., “Effect of PEG additive on membrane formation by phase inversion”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 138 (1998) 153–163.

24.   Saljoughi, E., Sadrzadeh, M., Mohammadi, T., “Effect of preparation variables on morphology and pure water permeation flux through asymmetric cellulose acetate membranes”, Journal of Membrane Science,Vol. 326 (2009) 627–634.

25.   Sivakumar, M., Raju Mohan, D., Rangarajan, R., “Studies on cellulose acetate polysulfone ultrafiltration membranes II. Effect of additive concentration”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 268, (2006) 208–219.

26.   Boricha, A.G., Murthy,Z.V.P.,“Preparation of N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan/cellulose acetate blend nanofiltration membrane and testing its performance in treating industrial wastewater”, Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 157 (2010) 393–400.

27.   Vankelecom, I. F. J., De Smet, K., Gevers, L.E.M., Jacobs, P.A., “Nanofiltration membrane materials and preparation, in: A.G. Sch¨ afer, A.G. Fane, T.D. White (Eds.), Nanofiltration, Principles and Applications”, Elsevier, Oxford, Chapter 3., (2005) 33–65.

28.   Vandezande, P., Gevers, L.E.M., Vankelecom, I.F.J., “Solvent resistant nanofiltra- tion: separating on a molecular level”, Chemal Society Review, Vol. 37, No. 2, (2008) 365–405.

29.   See-Toh, Y. H., Ferreira, F.C., Livingston, A.G., “The influence of membrane formation parameters on the functional performance of organic solvent nanofiltration membranes”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 299, No. 1, (2007) 236–250.

30.   Ismail, A.F., Hassan, A.R., “Formation and characterization of asymmetric nanofiltration membrane: effect of shear rate and polymer concentration”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 270, No. 1, (2006) 57–72.

31.   Buonomenna, M.G., Figoli, A., Jansen, J.C., Drioli, E. “Preparation of asymmetric PEEKWC flat membranes with different microstructures by wet phase inversion”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 92, No. 1, (2004) 576–591.

32.   Jansen, J. C., Macchione, M., Drioli, E., “High flux asymmetric gas separation membranes of modified poly(ether ether ketone) prepared by the dry phase inversion technique”, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 255, No. 1, (2005) 167–180.

33.   Hosseini, S. M., Gholami, A., Madaeni, S. S., Moghadassi, A. R., Hamidi, A. R., "Fabrication of (polyvinyl chloride/cellulose acetate) electrodialysis heterogeneous cation exchange membrane: Characterization and performance in desalination process", Desalination, Vol. 306 (2012) 51-59.

34.   Li, X., Zhu, L., Zhu, B., Xu, Y., “High-flux and anti-fouling cellulose nanofiltration membranes prepared via phase inversion with ionic liquid as solvent”, Separation and Purification Technology, Vol. 83 (2011) 66–73.

35.   Xu, Y. Z., Lebrun, R.E., “Comparison of nanofiltration properties of two membranes using electrolyte and nonelectrolyte solutes”, Desalination, Vol. 122 (1999) 95–106.

36.   Fane, A. G., Fell, C. J. D., “A review of fouling and fouling control in ultrafiltration”, Desalination, Vol. 62 (1987) 117–136.