Investigating the Effects of Cold Bulge Forming Speed on Thickness Variation and Mechanical Properties of Aluminum Alloys: Experimental and Numerical

Authors

1 Mechanical Engineering, Razi University of Kermanshah

2 Mechanical Engineering, Shahrekord University

Abstract

In this work, cold bulge forming of an Aluminium-Magnesium (Al-Mg) sheet with a solid bulging medium is performed experimentally and numerically.  Mechanical properties and thickness variations of Al-Mg sheet are evaluated before and after the forming process.  The results indicated that the Al-Mg sheet has taken the desired shape without necking using the cold bulge forming process.  Also, the experimental results show significant improvements in mechanical properties of Al-Mg sheet after bulge forming.  It is proved that the maximum thickness reduction of Al-Mg blank is less than 6% after cold bulge forming.  Numerical simulations of cold bulge forming of Al-Mg sheet are conducted using Abaqus finite element software.  For this purpose, many numerical models are created and analysed to investigate the effects of bulge forming speed on the blank thickness variation for different Aluminium alloys.  In these simulations, four different speed of 1, 5, 15 and 25mm/min are used as forming speeds.  Numerical results of bulge forming of Al-Mg sheet are compared with experimental measurements and good correlation is observed between the results.  Moreover, obtained results from numerical simulations for different Aluminium alloys show that the thickness variations of formed Al-Mg sheet are more uniform by reducing the forming speed.

Keywords