CO2 Selective Carbon Tubular Membrane: The Effect of Stabilization Temperature on BTDA-TDI/MDI P84 co-polyimide

Authors

1 Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Petronas (UTP)

2 Chemical Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

3 Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

4 Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMT, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

5 Chemical Engineering, University Technology Malaysia

Abstract

Membranes offer remarkable attributes such as possessing small equipment footprints, having high efficiency and are environmentally friendly, with carbon membranes progressively investigated for gas separation applications. In this study, carbon tubular membranes for CO2 separationare prepared via the dip-coating method with P84 co-polyimide as the carbon precursor. The prepared membranes were characterized using Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), pore structure analysis Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and pure gas permeation system. The permeation properties of the carbon membranes are measured and analyzed by using CO2, CH4 and N2 gases. The P84-based carbon tubular membrane stabilized at 300°C and featured excellent permeation properties with permeance range of 2.97±2.18, 3.12±4.32 and 206.09±3.24 GPU for CH4, N2 and CO2 gases, respectively. This membrane exhibited the highest CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 selectivity of 69.48±1.83 and 65.97±2.87, respectively.

Keywords