Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Self Compacting Polymeric Concrete with Backpropagation Network


Civil Engineering, Shahrekord University


Acrylic polymer that is highly stable against chemicals and is a good choice when concrete is subject to chemical attack. In this study, self-compacting concrete (SCC) made using acrylic polymer, nanosilica and microsilica has been investigated. The results of experimental testing showed that the addition of microsilica and acrylic polymer decreased the tensile, compressive and bending strength of the concrete. The addition of nanosilica and an increase in polymer content increased the bending strength of concrete and decreased the tensile and compressive strengths. Because, in the laboratory, the number of samples were limited and the amount of variation was small, comprehensive results cannot be achieved. With the help of neural networks, estimating any amount within the range of the input data is possible. In this paper, in addition to the experimental results, a backpropagation neural network (BNN) was used to simulate the testing on the strength of self-compacting polymeric concrete. The results showed that the use of the normalized mean squared error, resilient backpropagation training, tangent-sigmoid and log sigmoid transfer functions and five neurons in each hidden layers in a two-layer BNN produced good results with a regression value of 0.95 and error of 0.17.