Effect of Ambient Condition on the Shower Cooling Tower in Four Type of Climates Condition


1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Noor Branch

2 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran


Water cooling by ambient takes place with two mechanisms of heat and mass transfer. Using packings at wet cooling towers has disadvantages such as obstruction, reduction of life expectancy and production of algae and fungi. In shower cooling towers types of towers packings are completely removed and water intake is in direct contact and heat transfer takes place in two ways of latent and sensible. In this article mathematical modeling and simulation of towers has been done using differential equations. Differential equations derived using the laws of conservation of mass and energy.  Differential equations is solved in a computer program for numerical solution. The operation of shower cooling towers at different environmental conditions was observed. These towers in the area of cold, dry, warm and dry possess high efficiency. In very hot areas by reducing the drops diameter, the tower outlet temperature can be improved.


1.     Ning, T., Chong, D., Jia, M., Wang, J. and Yan, J., "Experimental investigation on the performance of wet cooling towers with defects in power plants", Applied Thermal Engineering,  Vol. 78, (2015), 228-235.

2.     Ilhan-Sungur, E. and Çotuk, A., "Microbial corrosion of galvanized steel in a simulated recirculating cooling tower system", Corrosion Science,  Vol. 52, No. 1, (2010), 161-171.

3.     Merkel, F., "Verdunstungskfjhlung", VDI Forschungsarbeiten,  No. 275.

4.     Yajima, S. and Givoni, B., "Experimental performance of the shower cooling tower in japan", Renewable Energy,  Vol. 10, No. 2-3, (1997), 179-183.

5.     Givoni, B., "Performance of the “shower” cooling tower in different climates", Renewable Energy,  Vol. 10, No. 2-3, (1997), 173-178.

6.     Qi, X., Liu, Z. and Li, D., "Performance characteristics of a shower cooling tower", Energy conversion and management,  Vol. 48, No. 1, (2007), 193-203.

7.     Qi, X., Liu, Z. and Li, D., "Numerical simulation of shower cooling tower based on artificial neural network", Energy Conversion and Management,  Vol. 49, No. 4, (2008), 724-732.

8.     Qi, X., Liu, Z. and Li, D., "Prediction of the performance of a shower cooling tower based on projection pursuit regression", Applied Thermal Engineering,  Vol. 28, No. 8-9, (2008), 1031-1038.

9.     Muangnoi, T., Asvapoositkul, W. and Hungspreugs, P., "Performance characteristics of a downward spray water-jet cooling tower", Applied Thermal Engineering,  Vol. 69, No. 1-2, (2014), 165-176.

10.   Qi, X., Liu, Y., Guo, Q., Yu, J. and Yu, S., "Performance prediction of seawater shower cooling towers", Energy,  Vol. 97, (2016), 435-443.

11.   Mickley, H.S., "Design of forced draft air conditioning equipment", Chemical Engineering Progress,  Vol. 45, No. 12, (1949), 739-745.

12.   Givoni, B. and Al-Hemiddi, N., Applicability of a``shower``passive cooling tower in a hot dry climate. 1995, American Solar Energy Society, Boulder, CO (United States).