Modeling and Analysis of Outrigger Reaction Forces of Hydraulic Mobile Crane (TECHNICAL NOTE)

Authors

Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China

Abstract

This paper presents an original interactive analysis method consisting of mathematical calculation based on theoretical mechanics and mechanics of materials, and dynamics simulation for quantifying outrigger reaction forces of a kind of hydraulic mobile crane, aiming to avoid the eventualities during normal operation as far as possible, for example, tipping-over. First, a three dimensional dynamic model is established and the statically indeterminate problem of mechanics of materials is employed in the mathematical calculation. Then, the multi body dynamics simulation is investigated and the corresponding force-time curves are generated simultaneously. Finally, the validity of the proposed method is proven by comparing the amplitudes of the two kind of force-time plots upon the model. Thus, the bearing load of the crane can be limited to a feasible range for static stability or avoiding outriggers collapse.

Keywords


1.     Kalmari, J., Backman, J. and Visala, A., "Coordinated motion of a hydraulic forestry crane and a vehicle using nonlinear model predictive control", Computers and Electronics in Agriculture,  Vol. 133, (2017), 119-127.

2.     Vazquez, C., Aranovskiy, S., Freidovich, L. and Fridman, L., "Second order sliding mode control of a mobile hydraulic crane", in Decision and Control (CDC), IEEE., (2014), 5530-5535.

3.     Aranovskiy, S. and Vazquez, C., "Control of a single-link mobile hydraulic actuator with a pressure compensator", in Control Applications (CCA), IEEE., (2014), 216-221.

4.     Vazquez, C., Aranovskiy, S., Freidovich, L.B. and Fridman, L.M., "Time-varying gain differentiator: A mobile hydraulic system case study", IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology,  Vol. 24, No. 5, (2016), 1740-1750.

5.     Zrnic, N., Gasic, V. and Bosnjak, S., "Dynamic responses of a gantry crane system due to a moving body considered as moving oscillator", Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering,  Vol. 15, No. 1, (2015), 243-250.

6.     Ku, N. and Ha, S., "Dynamic response analysis of heavy load lifting operation in shipyard using multi-cranes", Ocean Engineering,  Vol. 83, (2014), 63-75.

7.     Ham, S.-H., Roh, M.-I., Lee, H. and Ha, S., "Multibody dynamic analysis of a heavy load suspended by a floating crane with constraint-based wire rope", Ocean Engineering,  Vol. 109, (2015), 145-160.

8.     Banaei, F., Zinatizadeh, A., Mesgar, M. and Salari, Z., "Dynamic performance analysis and simulation of a full scale activated sludge system treating an industrial wastewater using artificial neutral network", International Journal of Engineering Trans A: Basics,  Vol. 26, No. 5, (2012), 465-472.

9.     Tavakoli, H. and Kiakojouri, F., "Influence of sudden column loss on dynamic response of steel moment frames under blast loading", International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications,  Vol. 26, No. 2, (2013), 197-206.

10.   Saeedi, M., Kazemi, R. and Azadi, S., "Liquid sloshing effect analysis on lateral dynamics of an articulated vehicle carrying liquid for various filled volumes", International Journal of Engineering-Transactions B: Applications,  Vol. 28, No. 11, (2015), 1671-1680.

11.   Saeedi, M., Kazemi, R. and Azadi, S., "Analysis of roll control system to eliminate liquid sloshing effect on lateral stability of an articulated vehicle carrying liquid",  International Journal of Engineering Transactions C: Aspects Vol. 29, No. 3, (2016),  386-393.

12.   Zare, S., Tavakolpour-Saleha, A. and Aghajanzadehb, O., "An investigation on the effects of gas pressure drop in heat exchangers on dynamics of a free piston stirling engine", International Journal of Engineering-Transactions B: Applications,  Vol. 30, No. 2, (2017), 294-302.

13.   Savkovic, M., Gasic, M., Pavlovic, G., Bulatovic, R. and Zdravkovic, N., "Stress analysis in contact zone between the segments of telescopic booms of hydraulic truck cranes", Thin-Walled Structures,  Vol. 85, (2014), 332-340.

14.   Feau, C., Politopoulos, I., Kamaris, G.S., Mathey, C., Chaudat, T. and Nahas, G., "Experimental and numerical investigation of the earthquake response of crane bridges", Engineering Structures,  Vol. 84, (2015), 89-101.

15.   Krishna, O.B., Maiti, J., Ray, P.K., Samanta, B., Mandal, S. and Sarkar, S., "Measurement and modeling of job stress of electric overhead traveling crane operators", Safety and Health at Work,  Vol. 6, No. 4, (2015), 279-288.

16.   Li, W., Zhao, J., Jiang, Z., Chen, W. and Zhou, Q., "A numerical study of the overall stability of flexible giant crane booms", Journal of Constructional Steel Research,  Vol. 105, (2015), 12-27.

17.   Urbaƛ, A., "Computational implementation of the rigid finite element method in the statics and dynamics analysis of forest cranes", Applied Mathematical Modelling,  Vol. 46, (2017), 750-762.

18.   Ramli, L., Mohamed, Z., Abdullahi, A.M., Jaafar, H. and Lazim, I.M., "Control strategies for crane systems: A comprehensive review", Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing,  Vol. 95, (2017), 1-23.

19.   Jeng, S.-L., Yang, C.-F. and Chieng, W.-H., "Outrigger force measure for mobile crane safety based on linear programming optimization#", Mechanics Based Design of Structures and Machines,  Vol. 38, No. 2, (2010), 145-170.

20.   Sambasivan, S.K., Shashkov, M.J. and Burton, D.E., "A cell-centered lagrangian finite volume approach for computing elasto-plastic response of solids in cylindrical axisymmetric geometries", Journal of Computational Physics,  Vol. 237, (2013), 251-288.

21.   Vaddi, P.K. and Kumar, C.S., "A non-linear vehicle dynamics model for accurate representation of suspension kinematics", Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science,  Vol. 229, No. 6, (2015), 1002-1014.

22.   Vadakkepat, P., Tan, S.J. and Hong, C.Y., "Analogue neuronal network in a biomorphic machine: Modelling and simulation in adams", Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control,  Vol. 34, No. 2-3, (2012), 184-212.

23.   Orlandea, N., "Design of parallel kinematic systems using the planar enveloping algorithm and adams computer program", Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part K: Journal of Multi-body Dynamics,  Vol. 218, No. 4, (2004), 211-221.

24.   Nabaglo, T., Kowal, J. and Jurkiewicz, A., "Construction of a parametrized tracked vehicle model and its simulation in msc. Adams program", Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control,  Vol. 32, No. 1-2, (2013), 167-173.

25.   Adams, M., "Msc software corporation", Ann Arbor, Michigan,  (2003).