In this paper, the radial breathing mode (RBM) frequency of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) is studied based on the thin shell theory. For this purpose, SWCNT is considered as an elastic thin cylindrical shell. The dynamic equation of RBM is derived using the Hamilton’s principle. An analytical solution of the RBM frequency of SWCNT is obtained. The advantage of this formulation is that it shows the dependency of the RBM frequency to the mechanical properties of SWCNT, clearly. These investigations are very important to predict the accurate vibrational characteristics of SWCNTs which have potential applications in nanotube-filled nanocomposites that are used as sound absorbers. To show the accuracy of this work, the RBM frequencies of 40 different SWCNTs are obtained in excellent agreement with the available experimental results with relative errors less than 1%. Also, the RBM frequencies predicted by the present shell model are compared with those obtained by the other researchers based on the density-functional theory (DFT), and three-dimensional (3D) elasticity theory. The results emphasize the utility of thin shell theory for modeling and vibrational behaviour of the RBM frequency of SWCNT.